RI - MEL    "Growing Tree"

Dynamic Secondary Geometry

March 1st, 2016

Project Overview

This is a project from class VSFX 705 - Programming Concept for VSFX.

 

The procedural techniques presented in this technical breakdown used Pixar's custom MEL procedures (part of RenderMan Studio) to create secondary geometry at "render-time." The breakdown also explains how a custom interface can be added to Maya to enable the generation of secondary geometry to be controlled in an artist-friendly way.

 

In this project, my idea is to apply theRiMel scripting into models to generate the leaves by the position of  each vertex on the branches. And also, apply RiMel scripting into the ground surface to generate grasses base on the distribution of colors. The software I used is Maya 2016, render engine is RenderMan 20, Using Mari to do the texturing. 

Inspiration​

I got this inspiration when I searching the image of an online game. The scene original painting is very great and lovely. So I started to think about if I can model this scene.

Final Render Image

All leaves and grasses are all generated at render time. And there are all .rib files.

Tree in Summer

Tree in Autumn

Actual Model in Maya

Animation of Leaves growing

​Rib Files For This Scene

Sometimes, when the scene file has too many polygons, we can prepare some rib files to content some repeating models in that scene, and apply "ReadArchive" to open those rib files when we rendering, such as leaves and grasses. As follow is my leaves and grasses rib files with different shaders.​

Leaves in summer and autumn

Grasses on the ground

​User Interface

* Read File Archive:                    Select a .rib file you prepared;


* Random Select Files:              Check this box if you want to randomly

                                                        select your file in that folder;


 * Number of Random Files:     Input  the number of files you want to select;


 * Use Color Map:                        Check this box if you want to use color map

                                                        to determine where your rib file be placed;

                                                        If this box has no been checked, your rib file

                                                        will be placed base on model's vertex;


 * Color Map Node Name:         If you check the Use Color Map box, input

                                                        the name of the node you want to use here;


 * Use Marker:                              Check this box when you want to use a

                                                        simple sphere to show the result;


 * Align to Normal:                      Check this box when you want the rib file

                                                        align to the normal;


 * Object Density:                        Determine the density of your rib file;


 * Object Orientation:                 Spread out to place your objects
                                                         (randomly move and rotate);


 * Random Seed:                          Randomly place your objects;


 * Scale Size:                                 Determine the size of your objects;


 * Use Random Scale:                 Check this box if you want your rib file be
                                                         randomly scaled;


 * Random Scale Min:                  Determine the min value of random scale; 

 
 * Random Scale Max:                 Determine the max value of random scale; 

 
 * Use Random Rotation:            Check this box if you want your rib
files be
                                                         randomly rotated; 


 * Random Rotate X, Y, Z Min:   Determine the min value of random rotate; 


 * Random Rotate X, Y, Z Max:  Determine the max value of random rotate;

Functions of User Interface

Random select files​

 Use Color Map

Use Markers

 Align to Normal

Object Density

 Object Orientation

 Random Seed

Scale Size

 Random Scale

 Random Rotation

Functions of User Interface

The Source codes as follow. Please make sure following source code files goes to ../maya/projects/RfM_mel directory.

StuffGenerator.rman

StuffGeneratorRI.mel

StuffGeneratorUI.mel

Please make sure these codes goes to ../maya/scripts directory.

getUVColorsAndPositions.mel

aimY.mel

getVertices.mel

getNurbsData.mel

getNormals.mel

Conclusion

This ​dynamic secondary geometry tool is very useful. When I first learn modeling in Maya, the scene file size always is my problem because some of my models have too many polygons. Now, I know how to export some of the models into a rib file to keep the original scene file as small as possible.  In this project, I also learned Pixar's custom MEL procedures and how to use Mel scripting to control the objects.